Which Of The Following Is An Example Of An Anti Competitive Agreement

Facts – The informant in the case had alleged anti-competitive practices on the part of counterparties (OPs), wherein the original spare parts of automobiles manufactured by some of the OPs were not made available free of charge on the open market and most oed equipment manufacturers (original equipment manufacturers) and authorised dealers had clauses in their agreements which obliged authorised dealers to purchase spare parts. changes only with OEMs and their authorized suppliers. Competition in a market may be restricted in a manner other than those mentioned above. For example, there may be other types of agreements between competitors, such as pricing guidelines or recommendations, joint purchase or sale, establishment of technical or design standards, and a business information exchange agreement.